2021年8月1日临沂市教师招聘考试真题试题--英语学科专业知识

2021临沂市教师招考试题--英语(考生回忆版)


A.

lf you require a little more culture from your ho lidays,then we have a list of your must-visit d estinations, cities so jam-packed with culture and history that you'll barely have time to stop f or a coffee! LondonLondon has as an incredibly

impressive selection of free museums and it bo asts an almost unparalleled theatre scene and buildings that have a long history . Make time t o visit/the famous whispering gallery in St Pau's Cathedral,where strange instruments carry sound in unusual ways.RomeRome is the city fo r any lover of art and history; from the great a nd impressive Vatican City to the attractive Col osseum and the romantic Trevi Fountain, itdo esn't just have culture, it has variety NewYork

NewYork culture might not have such deep hist orical roots as the great cities of Europe, but it s pop arts are second to none. Checkout the Ne WYork Public Library for all sorts of free exhibitio ns and spot some of the world 's most iconic sky scrapers. Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro's carniva(usually three days in February) is a collection o fmusic, colour and dancing, which expresse s the passions of this South American country p erfectly, but its far from the city's only treasur e-make sure you vist the botanical gardens(植物园).JapanJapan is a country with a rich and varied heritage, and Kyoto is one of its largest cities.Here you can visit temples, and some beautiful gardens .lf you have time, visit in the s pringtime and catch a glimpse of the famous pi nk and white cherry blossoms .


第一题

Who is the text more probably written for?

A.ART LOVERS   B.CULTURE LOVERS  C.HISTORY LOVERS.  D.GEOGRAPHYLOVERS

第二题

In which city or country can you have a taste of various arts with long history?

A.ROM  B.JAPAN  C.LONDON  D.NEW YORK

第三题

What is the best destination if a Korean has thr ee days off in March?

A.VATICAN CITY.  B.RIO DE JANEIRO.   C.KYOTO.  D.STPAUL'S CATHEDRAL.


B.

Clara Barton, born on Christmas in 1821,is widely known as one of the most honored wom en in American history .She began teaching sch ool when most teachers were men at that time . Later, she became one of the first women wh o were ever employed by the government .Her c areer in helping the sick began when her brothe r David became her first patient. He fell down from the roof of a house when Clara was just 11y ears old.She stayed by his side and looked after him for three years, learning how to give him all his medicines.When the Civil War began in 1861,she immediately recognized that the poo rly equipped soldiers needed help . Instead of w aiting for others to step in, Clara collected nec essary things on her own, asked the public for donations and learned how to store and distribute them to soldiers .She also read to the soldiers and wrote letters for them.After the Battle ofCedar Mountain in northern Virginia1862,Clara arrived at a field hospital at midnight with a ve hicle full of supplies .A doctor named Paul Smith at that hospital would later write,“I thought h eaven had sent out an angel that night-her assi stance arrived at exactly the right time .”In 1869, Clara went to Europe and lea med about th e lnternational Committee of the Red Cross .Up on her return to the United States, she success fully founded the Amerian Red Cross, She led t he organization for the next 23 years. Her last fi eld mission(使命)as president of the American Red Cross was to help the victims of the 1900G alveston hurricane.She did not retire(退休)fromthe American Red Cross until she was 83.Trueto her nature, Clara always went to where the need was the greatest.Today the American Red Cross continues the mission clara started more than 100 years ago. With the help of thousands of volunteers,the American Red Cross provides relief to victims of disasters, as well as helps people prevent, prepare for and respond to all sorts of emergencies .


第四题

What quality of Clara Bart on can be seen from Paragraph 2?

A HONEST.  B.CARING.  C.TALENTE.  D.MODEST.

 

第五题

What did Clara Barton do after the Civil War bro ke out?A.JOINED THE ARMY AND FOUGHTBRAVELYB.WENT TO EUROPE FOR FURTHER STUDYC.CONTINUED TO WORK AS A TEACHER.D.DID ALOTTO HELP SOLDIERS.

 

第六题

When seeing ClaraBarton's arrival, how did Dr.Smith feel?A.SAD AND SORRY.     B.PROUD AND JOYFUL.C.SHY AND NERVOUS.   D.EXCITED AND GRATEFUL.

 

第七题

What is mainly described in Paragraph 5?A.THE AIM OF THE AMERICAN RED CROSSB.THEIMPORTANCE OF VOLUNTARY DONATIONS.C.CLARABARTONAND THEAMERICAN RED CROSS.D.CLARA BARTONS CONTRIBUTION TO THE CIVIL WAR.

 

C.

“A lie can travel half way around the word bef ore the truth can put its boots on.. That quote is attributed to Mark Twain. In today's Internetworld of"fake(假的) news, lies spread even fast er and the truth is having trouble finding its boo ts.To make matters worse, most young people get news from social media sites where facts ar e mixed with rumors(谣言), halftruths and complete lies, This has led to young people beco ming confused .In the latest PISA, which teste d 15-year-olds worldwide on academic subject s, fewer than one in ten of the examinees were reported to be able to distinguish fact from opinion .A Stanford University study showed that s tudents at all levels of education could not tell r eal news from fake news. In one instance,80 percent thought that a paid advertisement was a real news story Fake news is spread by peopl e who have a prejudice .They want to influence public opinion either for or against something o r someone .lt is important,then, for young people to recognize when they are being used and to be skeptical of online information .Traditional media, such as newspapers and television, are still the more credible sources of information.Reporters are professionally trained to lc ok for facts, and editors have the job of makin g sure those facts are correct.However, if you are getting most of your information online,you have to be your own editor .In that case,the first thing to do is to look at the writer of a post ls this person known to be credible? Does the site where you read the post have a prejudice? Next, look for other sources from mainstream me dia to confirm the information. In other words, by putting on your truth boots you won't be fool ed into chasing lies


第八题

Why is the quote mentioned in paragraph 1?

A.TO GIVEADEFINITION                 

B.TO INTRODUCE THE TOPIC

C.TO OFFER BACKGROUND INFORMATION    

D.TO HIGHLIGHT THE WISDOM OF MARKTWAIN.

 

第九题

What will always happen to young people with news around?A.THEY PREFER AREAL NEWS STORY.B.THEY GET WORRIED ABOUT THEIR EDUCATION.C.THEY CAN DISTINGUISH FACT FROM OPINION.D.THEY ARE EASILY TAKEN IN BY FAKE NEWS.

 

第十题

What is the author's suggestion from the text?A.FIGHTAGAINST PREJUDICES.A   B.AVOID TRADITIONAL MEDIA. C.BEAN EDITOR OF YOUR OWN     D.BELIEVE IN TRAINED REPORTERS

 

第十一题

What is the text mainly about?

A. THE TRUTH ABOUT FAKE NEWS         

B. THEINFLUENCE OF FAKE NEWS

C. PROBLEMS WITH ONLINE INFORMATION  

D.SOURCES OF ONLINE INFORMATION

 

第十二题

DFollowing the outbreak of the novel coronavir us pneumonia(NCP),also named COVID-19b y WHO,there is a general fear of the unknown virus as its full effects remain to be seen. Feve r, coughing,sore throat,difficulty breathin g -the NCP's symptoms(症状)are similar to the common cold or the flu, but it's potentially mo redangerous.Viruses could be deadly, like HIV and Ebola(埃博拉)Butwhat are viruses? How can they cause so much trouble?Viruses are non -living organisms(有机体)approximately one-mi llionth of an inch long. Unlike human cells or ba cteria,they can't reproduce on their own. Inst ead,theyinvade(入侵)the cells of living organ isms to reproduce, spread and take over.Viruse s can infect every living thing -from plants and animals down to the smallest bacteria. For this r eason,they always have the potential to be d angerous to human lifeSometimes a virus can cause a disease so serious that it is fatal. Other viral infections trigger(引起)no noticeable reacti on.Viruses lie around our environment all of the time,waiting for a host cell to come along.Th ey can enter our bodies by the nose, mouth, eyes or breaks in the skin. Once inside, they tr y to find a host cell to infect. For example,HI V,which causesAIDS attackstheT-cells oft he immune system.But the basic question is, where did viruses first come from? Until now, no clear explanation for their origin exists."Trac ing the origins of viruses is difficult/5 Ed Rybick i, a virologist at the University of Cape Town in South Africa,told Scientific American,"beca use viruses don't leave fossils (化石)and becaus e of the tricks they use to make copies of thems elves within the cells theyve invaded?Howeve r, there are three main hypotheses to explain the origin of viruses.First, viruses started as in dependent organisms,then became parasites(寄生者)Second,viruses evolved from pieces of DNAor RNAthat "escaped" from larger organ isms. Third, viruses co-evolved with their host cells,which means they existed alongside the se cells.For the time being, these are only theo ries. The technology and evidence we have today cannot be used to test these theories and identify the most plausible explanation. Continuin g studies may provide us with clearer answers. Or future studies may reveal that the answer is even murkier than it now appears.what can welearn about viruses from the text.A.VIRUSES CAN B.VIRUSES ARE REALLY SMALL LIVING ORGANISMSC.VIRUSES ENTER OUR BODIES MAINLY THROUGH THE MOUTHNOSEAND HAIR.D.Viruses have nothing to do with the common cold.

 


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